Due to one or more damaged or obstructed artery/arteries, your blood flow may not be uniform. To resolve the issue and improve blood flow, your cardiologist may suggest heart bypass surgery, which is also known as Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) surgery. During the surgery, the surgeon bypasses the damaged arteries by using blood vessels removed from another part of your body. If the surgery is not carried out on time, patients may experience heart failure.
It is one of the most common surgical procedures performed all over the world.
Rachit Hospital, the best multispecialty hospital in Gorakhpur, has a top-notch cardiac department, which is well-equipped with cutting-edge technology and has qualified and experienced cardiologists, heart surgeons, and other support staff. At the best hospital in Gorakhpur, surgeons perform Heart Bypass Surgery efficiently. In this blog, we will learn about the types and procedures of heart bypass surgery performed in Gorakhpur and the best alternatives to the surgery.
When do you need heart bypass surgery?
If you are suffering from Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), you may require CABG surgery. The symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), including
- Chest pain
- Severe fatigue or exhaustion
- Breath Control Issues
- Increasing hand- and foot-size
- Irregular heartbeats
Unfortunately, if you have coronary artery disease in its early stages, you might not feel these symptoms. However, it will keep getting worse until the arteries are sufficiently blocked to both create issues and show symptoms. You could experience a heart attack if the blood supply keeps becoming worse because of the blocked arteries.
What are the types of CABGs?
Typically there are two kinds of CABG. These are
- On-pump Bypass Surgery
The great majority of coronary heart operations are performed while a heart-lung machine maintains blood and oxygen flow through a lengthy chest incision. The process is referred to as on-pump heart coronary bypass surgery.
To access the heart during surgery, the surgeon makes a cut through the breastbone and opens the rib cage. As soon as the chest is opened, a heart-lung machine kicks in to start pumping blood throughout the body while the medication is given to momentarily stop the heart.
- Off-pump Bypass Surgery
Off-pump procedures do not entail stopping the heart or replacing it with a heart-lung machine. Using specialized tools to stabilize the heart region they are operating on, the surgeon performs the surgery while the patient’s heart is still beating. This lessens the chance of perioperative bleeding and strokes brought on by on-pump surgery.
But the patient’s health plays a role in deciding whether to do the treatment on or off the pump.
Heart Bypass Surgery Procedure
At the Cardiac Department of Rachit Hospital, in Gorakhpur, the cardiac surgeon, during CABG, takes a blood vessel from another part of the body, such as the legs, arm, or chest, and attaches it to the coronary artery above and below the congested areas. Graft refers to the new blood artery that is planted during the process.
Depending upon the severity of coronary heart disease and the number of blocked or restricted blood arteries, the surgeon decides how many grafts the patient needs.
The entire surgical operation is carried out while the patient is under general anesthesia, and it typically lasts 3 to 6 hours.
How much time does it take to recover after Heart Bypass Surgery?
Each patient recovers at a different pace. Generally, after the surgery, patients stay in the hospital for roughly 6 to 8 days. In addition, you must have follow-up appointments, which must be made between 6 and 8 weeks after your successful operation.
Following the surgery, you can sit after one day, walk after three days, and climb stairs after five or six days. After six weeks, you can resume regular activities, such as driving, working, etc.
In most cases, a full recovery takes 12 weeks.
Surgical Alternatives to Heart Bypass
Coronary Angioplasty is the best option for cardiac bypass surgery or CABG.
During the procedure, a long, hollow, flexible plastic tube known as a catheter is placed into a blood artery in your arm or groin. The catheter tip is then guided to the blood-supplying arteries in the direction of the narrowing arteries with the use of an X-ray. A short metal tube, known as a stent, is typically used to keep the artery open after a balloon attached to the catheter is inflated, which is used to expand the artery.
Recovery from coronary angioplasty is quicker. It might not be advised to do this treatment on patients who have many artery blockages, constricted arteries, or aberrant structures close to their hearts.
At the Cardiac Department of Rachit Hospital, the best multispecialty hospital in Gorakhpur, if need be, cardiac surgeons may also perform Coronary Angioplasty.
After this procedure, you may feel better and not experience any symptoms for up to 10 to 15 years. However, the way you take the prescribed medicines and how well you look after yourself after surgery will have an impact on the outcomes.
At the best cardiac department in Gorakhpur, our top-notch facility and team of specialists take excellent care of your heart health. So, if you are suffering from heart issues, make an appointment at the Cardiac Department of Rachit Hospital in Gorakhpur.